Parsnip Growing Guide

Pastinaca sativa


Crop Rotation Group

Umbelliferae (Carrot and root family) 


Deeply worked soil that has not had compost or manure added within 6 months.


Sun or partial shade.

Frost tolerant



Not required.


Single Plants: 7" (20cm) each way (minimum)
Rows: 7" (20cm) with 11" (30cm) row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Sow direct into soil, and cover the seeded bed or furrow with a board to keep it moist. Germination often takes up to 2 weeks.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Thin seedlings to proper spacing when they are 4 inches tall. Mulch to deter weeds and keep soil moist. Wearing gloves when handling parsnip foliage is recommended because the sap can occasionally cause blistering if the skin is exposed to direct sunlight after contact.


Use a digging fork to loosen soil along outside of the planting before pulling roots. Can be left in the soil through winter in many areas.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

< Back to All Plants

Pests which Affect Parsnip

Plant Diseases which Affect Parsnip