Pomegranate Growing Guide

Punica granatum


Crop Rotation Group



Well-drained alkaline soil.


Sunny, sheltered spot. In cooler climates grow under cover to ensure fruiting. Requires lots of heat to ripen fruits. Pomegranates are self-fertile, so single plants fruit well.

Frost tolerant

Pomegranates tolerate cold to 10°F (-12°C).


Fertilize with a balanced organic fertilizer in November and March.


Pomegranates grow into tall, dense shrubs that shade out other plants, so companion plants have to be planted a little way away.


Single Plants: 9' 10" (3.00m) each way (minimum)
Rows: 9' 10" (3.00m) with 9' 10" (3.00m) row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Set out plants grown from rooted cuttings in late winter or early spring. Named cultivars such as ‘Wonderful’ produce better than pomegranates grown from seeds.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Prune outdoor plants in spring, and indoor plants in early winter. Remove dead, broken or crossing branches as well as any suckers that have appeared at the base of the plants.


Harvest when ripe, which is usually in early fall. The fruit stores well in the refrigerator.


Pomegranates often do not start bearing until they are five years old.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Pomegranate